Drugs, Alcohol and Other Means to Induce Hallucinations, Ecstasies or Euphoria

To seek help in overcoming an addiction, click here.
To reorder your life or find support groups, click here.

Education is the key to reducing drug abuse among young and old alike. Only education in our schools, churches, the media and the Web can bring to potential users and parents concerned for their young concrete information on consequences, detection, traffic, treatment and other aspects of the drug problem. Absolute honesty is necessary. Our kids are smart and recognize when they are being manipulated; information presented to influence behavior is readily discernible and just as readily dismissed.

Begun in October 2000 by Ken Wear. Completeness and accuracy will require extended time, research, and cooperation of others possessing information. I solicit your help. To reach me, click here for e-mail form.

For indications a person may be addicted, click here.
For help with addiction and treatment click here
To help reorder your life or locate a support group click here
The Web has grown tremendously since I undertook this page; it is invaluable, but start here.
For notes on the politics of drug abuse, click here; on drugs and life's game, click here; on delivery of educational information click here.

How to use: Search for the topic or name of the substance of interest and then use the link (if any). To return to the point of linking, use the BACK button on your monitor screen.
USE OF COLOR: Red for the greatest harm or more dangerous, blue for definitions, green for street names of drugs and violet for proper names of drugs and for headers.

A high may be characterized as a brief euphoric relaxing of inhibitions, as well as reduction of mental awareness and physical control; in moderation said to encourage social intercourse; often reduces libido. For a discussion, click here.

Absinthe: a strong alcoholic liqueur, green in color and very bitter is taste. Diluted with cold water poured over a spoonful of sugar into a shot of absinthe; solution turns opaque white as the essential oils precipitate out. Some ascribe aphrodisiac and narcotic properties. Illegal in the U.S. because most brands contain artemisia absinthium.
Acid: LSD
Actiq: an opioid, (registered) trade name for fentanyl
Addiction: the condition of having given oneself over to some strong habit. For a discussion, including signs to look for and dealing with addicts, click here. (Also defined as an uncontrollable craving, seeking or continued use)
Alcohol: Potable alcohol is ethyl alcohol; methyl alcohol is poisonous. ‘Moonshine’ (private distillation, illegal when unregulated, untaxed and sold for profit) often has ingredients added to provide ‘kick’ and that may be medically dangerous.
Ethyl alcohol and beverages containing it are regulated, sold and taxed as recreational drugs; regulations differ in various states and communities.
Some individuals have a genetic predisposition to alcohol abuse -- it runs in families; for them it is wise to avoid alcohol altogether.
For more information, click here.
Alcoholic beverages: For a partial list (no recipes) click here.
Alcoholism: Addiction to alcohol. For a discussion, click here.
Amphetamine: (C10H15N). Colorless, volatile liquid (C9H13N in sulfate or phosphate form). Stimulates central nervous system; used to enhance performance. Induces feeling of high energy and loss of appetite. Became popular in U.S. in 1930s when Cocaine was illegal and amphetamines plentiful, legal and inexpensive. See methamphetamine.
Angel dust: PCP
Ativan: Trade name for benzodiazepine
Barbiturates: Class of drugs (salt or ester of barbituric acid C4H4O3N2), including barbital and phenobarbital, prescribed as depressant or to induce sleep in the absence of pain. Regular use leads to partial tolerance so increasingly larger doses are needed to produce the same result. Overdose easily fatal.
Bennies: street name for amphetamine
Benzedrine: Trademark for amphetamine
Benzodiazepine: Downer. Family of depressants used (under many well-known trade names such as Valium, Xanax, Ativan, Paxipam, Restoril, Rohypnol, Librium) therapeutically to sedate, produce sleep, relieve anxiety and muscle spasms, and to control severe epileptic seizures; withdrawal is dangerous, should be under medical supervision
Binge drinking: 5 or more drinks at one sitting; associated with depression.
Boo: street name for methamphetamine
Caffeine: Vegetable base stimulant C8H10 N4O2
Cannabis: the hemp known as marijuana -- see 'hemp' and 'marijuana'
Cat: Methcathinone
Chalk: street name for methamphetamine
Chewing tobacco: Leaf of the tobacco plant compacted for use similar to chewing gum. See tobacco.
Chicken feed: street name for methamphetamine
Cialis: trade name of a drug designed to enhance sexual performance. See Viagra for a precaution.
Cigar(ettes): Dried leaves of the tobacco plant rolled and smoked. Cigarettes are small cylinders of shredded leaf wrapped in paper; cigars, rolled whole leaf, are larger. Inhalation of the smoke has serious side effects if repeated often; a smoking habit is a major contributor to lung cancer; 'second-hand' smoke (smoke that goes directly from cigarette or cigar to room air) is also considered dangerous. (Spent smoke -- smoke exhaled by the smoker -- is apparently not considered in the literature.) Users are usually oblivious to the intense and distasteful odors created on their breath, clothing, hair and in areas where they smoke. See Tobacco.
Club drug: Drugs of choice for such as all-night parties; includes Ecstasy, MDMA, GHB, ketamine, PCP, LSD, methamphetamine, prescription drugs (oxycodone, oxycontin, methadone, soma, valium, percocet, xanax)
Cocaine: World's most powerful stimulant of natural origin; highly psychologically addictive; brief effect (maybe 30 minutes). An alkaloid, a narcotic and local or topical anesthetic extracted from dried leaves of the coca plant, a bushy shrub native to high altitudes in the Andes Mountains of South America and cultivated in Java and other Asian countries, and in Nigeria; used by the Indians over 5000 years, who chewed leaves for social, medicinal and religious purposes. C17H21NO4. Therapeutically used for local pain relief, generally as a hydrochloride. For more, click here.
Codeine: An alkaloid C18H21O3N(H2O) derived from opium. Used for relief from pain and spasm. Similar to but milder than morphine.
Coke: street name for cocaine
Crack (Cocaine): an extract of cocaine, much more addictive; gives a short term rush of euphoria; said of Crack “... crack addicts who would put down the pipe only long enough to stop puking; some would pimp for their kids or parents to get another hit; plain old Coke never did that.”
In heavy users there may be hallucinations of insects crawling under the skin, followed by severe depression, agitated delirium and toxic paranoia.
While one must take the drug to appreciate the experience, it is at best very imprudent; it is profoundly unwise to allow it into your system. There is one time in life when taking crack is sensible, harmless and both emotionally and intellectually satisfying: at the end of life when there is no hope of recovery, bringing life to a close with a transcendentally orgasmic bang. For more, click here.
Crack Nicotine: More addictive than crack cocaine; lethal in minute dosage.
Crank: street name for methamphetamine
Crystal (Cristy): street name for methamphetamine
Crystal-meth: street name for methamphetamine
Demorol: an opioid, trade name (registered) for meperidine
Dexedrine: Trade name for dextroamphetamine, an amphetamine derivative; twice as strong as Benzedrine
Dexies: street name for amphetamine
Dilaudid: an opioid, trade name (registered) for hydromorphone
Diviner's Sage: street name for salvia divinorum.
DMT: n,n-DieMethylTryptamine. Hallucinogenic that is smoked or injected. Injected the high is realized within 10-15 minutes and gone within 60; smoked the high is realized within 10 seconds and fully gone within 10 minutes.
DOM: a tryptamine derivative, member of phenethylamine family (mescaline, ecstasy, . . .). A psychedelic slow to take effect and of long duration. Tolerance develops with repetition.
Downer: Benzodiazepine
Drugs: Drugs are chemical compounds that modify the way the body and mind work. Most people think that these biological activities should help or heal sick people or animals. There is, however, no known drug that is not harmful or even poisonous at high doses, and much of the scientific work on drugs has attempted to elucidate the gap between effective and toxic doses.
The term also includes nearly any substance used to produce a 'high.'
It may be a narcotic (used for pain relief and to induce sleep), an intoxicant (affecting the nervous system to cause loss of control), a hallucinogen (causing perception of sights, sounds, etc., not actually present), a stimulant (temporary increase in the activity of some process)
Duragesic: an opioid, (registered) trade name for fentanyl
E: alternate designation of Ecstasy
Ecstasy: MDMA; of amphetamine family; a 'club' drug, illegal in U.S. Drug of choice at raves; stimulant and hallucinogen; gives a ‘drunk feeling’ without the hangover. There is no evidence it is addictive. When the price of 3-4 pills became too expensive, speed became the cheaper alternative. For more information, click here.
Ephedrine: An alkaloid C10H15NO originally derived from the Ephedra plant and used to relieve congestion and asthma and to constrict blood vessels. Over-the-counter substitute for amphetamine.
Fentanyl: an opioid sold under (registered) trade names Duragesic, Actiq, Fentora
Fentora: an opioid, (registered) trade name for fentanyl
Gasoline sniffing: high requires sustained exposure and results from depriving brain of oxygen.
Geep: street name for methamphetamine
GHB: Gamma-HydroxyButyrate. Non-addictive. “Date rape drug.” Found naturally in every cell in the human body. A sedative. Illegal in USA.
Effects can be felt 5-20 minutes after taking and last 1-1/2 to 3 hours. Effects are very dose-dependent. Despite its general safety and lack of toxicity, its safe use requires information, preparation, caution and good judgment.
Since its availability is a gray market activity, concerns about quality and purity should be kept in mind.
For more, click here.

Glass: street name for methamphetamine
Glue sniffing: high caused by oxygen deprivation of brain; red blood cells have high affinity for solvent so effect outlasts exposure time; leads to brain damage (and death) if sniff time exceeds a very few seconds. Potentially more deadly than a severe stroke because the entire brain is affected. [I knew a young man, an only child, eighth grade 'A' student, who practiced glue sniffing. I know he didn't intend to do it, but in a matter of seconds his mind was reduced to that of a four-year-old, with no possible recovery. If only he had known the danger!]
Go-fast: Street name for methamphetamine
Happy Pills: Alternate name for Ecstasy
Hashish: Various preparations of the various hemp plants of the Near East, including India. Smoked, chewed, drunk. Narcotic or intoxicant. Bhang (comparable in potency to marijuana in the U.S.) from uncultivated plants is a pleasant-tasting liquid; Ganja, from tops of cultivated plants, is next most potent; most potent is Charas, scraped as a resin from cultivated plants and compressed for smoking. See also Marijuana
Hemp: a group of plants including cannabis (which has hallucinogenic properties); grown for fiber content. In USA many hemps are prohibited in commercial production because of similarity to cannabis. In Colonial U.S. hemp cultivation was encouraged by Government and in Virginia farmers were required to grow hemp; its cultivation was encouraged during World War II for its fibers. Until recently the long fibers from hemp were the best-known and most widely used textile fibers on Earth; it is still grown as sisal, jute and under other names. See 'marijuana.'
Heroin: Derived from opium. C21H23NO5. A maintenance drug requiring daily dosage; addictive. Illegal in the U.S.; withdrawal symptoms reportedly among the nastiest of all addictive drugs: diarrhea, vomiting, tremors, cramps within 6-8 hours after last full or reduced dose.
Hydrocodone: pain relief; an opiate derived from codeine and thebaine
Hydromorphone: An opoid, trade name Dilaudid, by prescription
Ice: street name for smokeable form of methamphetamine
Inhalants: Intentional breathing of gas or vapors for the purpose of reaching a high. Airplane glue, aerosolized paints, hair spray, cooking oil spray, nail polish remover, liquid correction fluid, room air freshener, aerosolized computer keyboard cleaning spray, . . . The ingredient difluoroethane can even cause cardiac arrest. See Glue sniffing. Lock away from children products, other than medical, that can be used for continuous inhalation.
Ketamine: Veterinary and human anesthetic; illegal in U.S.; its action is to dissociate mind and body, which results in profound hallucinations and sensations of entering another reality.
Kicker: oxycontin
Levitra: trade name of a drug designed to enhance sexual performance. See Viagra for a precaution.
LevoDromoran: trade name (registered) for levorphanol.
Levorphanol: an opioid sold as Levo-Dromoran (registered).
Librium: Trade name for benzodiazepine
Load of laundry: street name for methamphetamine
LSD: Not addictive. LySergic acid diethylamide (an amide of lysergic acid C15H 15N2 CON(C2H5) 2); a 'club' drug; illegal in U.S. Hallucinogen of unpredictable psychological effect used in the study of schizophrenia and other mental disorders. Colorless, odorless,slightly bitter taste. Takes effect 30-90 minutes; may last several hours. Dilated pupils, higher body temperature, increased heart rate and blood pressure, sweating, loss of appetite, sleeplessness, dry mouth and tremors. Sensations change much more dramatically than the physical signs.
Street name 'acid.' Added to blotter paper and divided into squares with each square being one dose.
Magic mint: Street name for salvia divinorum
Marijuana: an intoxicant in popularity second to alcohol; dried flowers, leaves, stems and seeds of the hemp plant cannabis sativa; smoked for euphoric effects. The main active chemical in marijuana is abbreviated 'THC.' For more information
click here
MDA: Of amphetamine family
MDMA: methylenedioxymethamphetamine; known as Ecstasy (above)
Meperidine: an opioid sold as Demerol (registered trade name)
Mescaline: the hallucinogenic ingredient in peyote. C11H17O3N
Meth: street name for methamphetamine
Methadone: an opioid by prescription; addictive
Methamphetamine: Illegal in U.S.; highly addictive, a white crystalline derivative from amphetamine used in the form of its hydrochloride as a drug with stronger stimulating action than amphetamine, about twice as strong as Dexedrine. For more information, including detection and curing, click here.
Methedrine: trademark for methamphetamine hydrochloride
Morphine: The principle alkaloid of opium; by prescription. C17H19O3N(H2O). Used for pain relief despite serious side effects such as addiction.
Mushrooms, psilocybin: See psilocybin mushrooms, below
Nicotine: The addictive agent in tobacco
Nitrous oxide: An anesthetic; "laughing gas"
OC: oxycontin
Ocycotton: oxycontin
Opiates or Opioids: Opium, heroin, morphine, codeine, hydromorphone, methadone, oxycodone, meperidine, oxymorphone, fentanyl, levorphanol and possibly other alkaloids; may be used as anti-depressant or anti-histamine
Opium: addictive narcotic drug originally extracted from various poppies cultivated in various parts of the world but now produced synthetically; contains alkaloids such as morphine, codeine, papaverine; smoked as intoxicant and used medically to relieve pain and produce sleep. Acute poisoning presents symptoms not easily distinguished from those produced by alcohol or stroke. Among side effects is constipation. Tapering off under a doctor's care may avoid addiction.
OX: oxycontin
OXY: oxycontin
Oxycodone: opium derivative for pain by prescription; slows breathing, may produce euphoria; sold under (registered) trade names OxyContin, OxyIR, Roxicodone
Oxycontin: by prescription; pain killer containing oxycodone; known as OC, OX, Oxy, Oxycotton and kicker. Tablets can be chewed, crushed and snorted like cocaine, dissolved in water and injected; dangerous side-effect is respiratory depression; addictive
OxyIR: trade name (registered) for oxycodone
Pain killers: News stories tell us use of over-the-counter and prescription pain killers is epidemic; this list does not attempt to address drugs for pain.
Paxipam: Trade name for benzodiazepine
PCP: PhenCyclohexyl Piperidine, developed as a surgical anesthetic; a stimulant in moderate doses but a depressant in larger doses. Pure PCP is a white crystalline powder that dissolves in water. Depending on manufacture it may be tan to brown, from powder to a gummy mess. At low to moderate doses breathing rate, blood pressure and pulse increase, respiration becomes shallow, sweating is profuse; general numbness in extremities and poorer muscular coordination; in psychological effect similar to alcohol. In high doses it may cause nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, drooling, loss of balance and dizziness; it may cause illusions and hallucinations. A 'club' drug; illegal in U.S.
Pep pills: street name for amphetamine
Percocet: by prescription
Peyote: : A small cactus containing mescaline, a hallucinogen; used by the American Indians in ceremonies. Eaten or used to brew a tea.
PMA: paramethoxyamphetamine; makes body temperature dangerously high
Pot: street name for marijuana
Proof: a measure of potency; see Alcohol
Psilocybin mushrooms: Unpredictable hallucinogenic effect; non-toxic; non-addictive; readily confused with poisonous mushrooms if picked wild
Rave: Musical party, typically teenagers, often extended to daylight; many partiers consume the drug Ecstasy.
Reefer: street name for marijuana cigarette
Restoril: Trade name for benzodiazepine
Rohypnol: Trade name for benzodiazepine
Roxicodone: trade name (registered) for oxycodone
Sally-D: Street name for salvia divinorum
Salvia divinorum: (not the garden ornamental) a legal hallucinogen; smoke dried leaves or chew (or eat) fresh leaves; minute doses of the active ingredient (salvinorin A or divinorin A) can be lethal. Impsirs judgdment and ability to drive. Traditional opinion has been that the plant has a mild psychotropic activity. Gaining in popularity among teens. Effect lasts about an hour
Scootie: street name for methamphetamine
Shabu: street name for methamphetamine
Shi-shi: street name for methamphetamine
Sildanefil: Generic name for Viagra, Levitra and other sexual stimulants said to be capable of restoring sexual potency of a man by improving ability to achieve and maintain an erection. It should be avoided by persons whose medications or drugs include nitrates (including nitroglycerin) because of the risk of seriously reduced blood pressure..
Snuff: Leaf of the tobacco plant in powdered form. See tobacco.
Soma: by prescription
street name for methamphetamine
Spoosh: street name for methamphetamine
Steroids: Group of compounds including sterols, bile acids, sex hormones, etc., having the ring structure of the sterols, which are solid cyclic unsaturated alcohols such as cholesterol
STP: "SuperTerrificPsychedelic," or "Too Stupid to Puke." See DOM.
Suboxone: addictive
Tobacco: Addictive. Leaf of tobacco plant sold as snuff, cigars, cigarettes, and compacted for chewing. Sold and taxed as a recreational drug. Unless the chewer wishes to swallow the mixture of saliva and tobacco, he must spit frequently; there must be provision for disposal; teeth may become discolored and there will be a tobacco odor--not especially offensive--in areas the user frequents. Cigars and cigarettes burn slowly with no obvious flame; there may be discoloration of the smoker's teeth and his breath may become offensive; there is an ash that must be disposed of and it creates an extremely disagreeable stench that pervades hair and clothing of both smoker and others nearby. For my testimonial, click here.
Valium: by prescription, addictive
Viagra: Trade name for sildanefil, a drug advertised to enhance sexual performance
Vicodin: Trade name for hydrocodone
White crosses: street name for ephedrine
X: Alternate name for Ecstasy
Xanax: a benzodiazepine prescription drug; withdrawal is dangerous, should be under medical supervision
Zip: street name for methamphetamine

To go to Contents of Ken Wear's Web Site, click here.

Addiction: All addictive drugs have two things in common: they produce an initial pleasurable effect followed by a rebound unpleasant effect. There appears to be a genetic base for at least some addictions; for instance, alcoholism often 'runs in families.'

Drug abuse is not a matter of moral weakness or faulty willpower. It is a vicious cycle that causes changes in the brain. Your most effective tool in protecting your loved ones is to know them well, their habits, their friends, their activities. Signs to watch for:

  • Cycles of increased energy, restlessness, inability to sleep (stimulants)
  • Abnormally slow movements, speech or reaction time, confusion or disorientation (opiates, benzodiazepines, barbiturates)
  • Sudden weight loss or weight gain
  • Cycles of excessive sleep
  • Unexpected changes in clothing (long sleeves to hide scars at injection sites)
  • Suspected drug paraphernalia such as pipes, roach clips, syringes
  • Chronic trouble with sinusitis or nosebleeds (snorted drugs)
  • Persistent cough or bronchitis, leading to coughing up mucous or blood (smoked drugs)
  • Progressive severe dental problems (esp. methamphetamine)
    Withdrawal symptoms (depending on drug) can include shakes, chills, severe aches and pains, difficulty sleeping, agitation, depression, even hallucinations or psychosis. Avoiding withdrawal adds to the urgency of keeping up abuse and dependence.
    You cannot force someone you love to stop abusing drugs; the final choice is up to them. But your support is immensely valuable, even crucial.

    I have in hand a 1997 discussion by Dr. David Deans, Northridge campus of California State University ("Drug Addiction," http://www.csun.edu/~vcpsy00h/students/drugs.htm) suggesting that government and religious perceptions are incorrect, regarding addiction as criminal or sinful, when in fact there are emotional and motivational factors that usually lie below the conscious mind in the subconscious. As 12-step programs for alcohol and drug addicts have learned, addictive behavior follows a downward spiral until the victim experiences a "moment of clarity" strong enough to change his conscious orientation. Effective treatment programs must deal with these subconscious drives, which are often peculiar to the physiology of the addictive drug. He also suggests a strong connection between mother-infant bonding and a propensity for drug addiction. Dr. Deans also cites research on hormonal balance and discusses families of drugs in terms of the nature of their physiological and psychological effect.

    While it would be immensely helpful in dealing with addictions if various drugs were rated by some index that could be used to measure the propensity to induce addiction, I am unaware of studies leading in that direction. Since there is a genetic base for some addictions it would also be valuable to have an index that rated a person's susceptibility to addiction; I am unaware of studies here also. It seems likely (and my knowledge here is entirely lacking) that there will prove to be a genetic variation in susceptibility to one drug or another; i.e., one person may be more susceptible to one family of drugs but more resistant to others. I would welcome specific information and will include on these pages information on addictions along with drug descriptions.

    For treatment centers for addicts or for support groups for the reformed addict, use your BACK button to return to the top of this page, or scroll up.

    Education on drugs, alcohol, and other 'mind trashers':

    Society has two organizations that hold the possibility of educating youngsters and the mature alike, churches and schools. While the presentation of information and the manner of presentation is peculiar to the structure of each, I have been out of the loop so long I know little of current practice. When my children were in school I wanted to organize presentations for auditorium presentation but time did not permit.

    In our schools I recognize three methods available to propagate information:
    (1) snippets of information inserted in classes dealing with health or in home rooms,
    (2) school-wide meetings of students in the auditorium or gymnasium, and
    (3) Lectures for parents and other adults.
    There are today many organizations interested in curbing the drug culture; hopefully (2) and (3) are commonly available today. I feel (1) is likely the most effective so long as it is a paragraph here and a paragraph there; a text or course dedicated to drugs would be a weak substitute because of lack of student interest.

    I discovered long ago that church members will attend educational series of studies or presentations where there is either value to them or intense curiosity. We had in our church what we called 'study courses' with a series of meetings, perhaps one weekly for several weeks or perhaps each evening for a week or two, and books containing the information to be presented so participants could prepare their questions and discussions in private study in preparation for a meeting.

    Public lectures may have value in reaching others not having any connection with schools, such as police, parents of pre-school children, social welfare workers, politically active adults, and the curious.
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    Alcohol is an addictive depressant; it produces the sought-after effect by partially paralyzing the nerves that produce restraint.
    Legally drunk: 0.10% blood alcohol (some states 0.08, some 0.12; federal legislation .08); 0.35 has proved fatal; 0.45 is expected to be fatal.
    Recovery: Healthy liver and kidneys can metabolize and excrete less than one ounce per hour of 40% (80 proof) alcohol.
    Proof: 100% ethyl alcohol is 200 proof; distillation produces at most some 190 proof; higher proof leaves toxic residue.
    Denatured alcohol may be ethyl alcohol which has been deliberately altered to make it undesirable to deadly to drink, or it may be another, perhaps deadly, alcohol.
    Hangover results from consumption of excessive (for some, moderate) amount of alcoholic beverage; many 'pet' remedies are suggested by various drinkers, but sustained physical exertion seems most likely to be successful
    Taxes: The higher the proof the heavier the tax.
    In chemistry, (generic) an alcohol is any of a grouping of chemicals formed with a hydroxyl (OH) radical and reacted with an organic acid to produce an ester.

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    Alcoholic Beverages : (190 proof ethyl alcohol on market)
    Absinthe: a strong liqueur, mostly illegal in U.S.; see entry.
    Beer: Home production for private consumption is widely practiced.
    Bourbon: a whiskey
    Gin: typically 80 proof
    Martini: a cocktail consisting of gin plus flavoring (or using vodka)
    Screwdriver: a cocktail consisting of vodka and orange juice
    Rum: typically 75-95 proof (150 proof on market)
    Scotch: a whiskey
    Vermouth: a wine used in mixing cocktails
    Vodka: typically 80 proof (90 & 100 proof on market)
    Whiskey: typically 80-90 proof, distilled from the fermented mash of grain (rye, wheat, corn, barley)
    Wine: produced by fermentation of fruit or plant sugars, typically 8-15% alcohol. Home production for private consumption is widely practiced.
    Wine cooler: mixture of wine and juices (usually fruit)
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    Alcoholism is treatable but not curable. A recovering alcoholic remains susceptible to relapse and must continue to avoid alcoholic beverages.
    There are treatments available; talk to your doctor. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism makes information available.
    I need not reiterate that it causes cirrhosis of the liver, immune system problems and brain damage as well as harm to the fetus during pregnancy. It increases the risk of automobile, recreational and on-the-job accidents and increases the likelihood of homicide or suicide.
    As a parent I advocate, at an appropriate age (unless you have a genetic predisposition toward alcohol abuse), allowing your offspring to sample alcoholic beverages in a safe environment so they can recognize for themselves the potential for mischief or harm.
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    On the unbroken skin it produces little effect.
    If swallowed it acts on the mucous membranes of the stomach, deadening the sensation of hunger, so persons taking the drug can go for extended periods without feeling the want of food; invigorates chewer by blocking reuptake of neurotransmitter dopamine in the midbrain. Wards off fatigue and hunger, enhances endurance and promotes a sense of well-being. Grown commercially in several countries. Until 1980s it was available in the U.S. as a tea. The 'wonder drug' of the 1860s; sold over the counter until 1914 and of little interest until 1960 when amphetamine was outlawed.
    Detected in the casual user up to five days and in the urine of a chronic user up to three weeks.
    If purification is not done properly it can be hazardous in the blood stream.
    The central nervous system is first stimulated and then depressed, the higher senses being affected first. Inhabitants of Peru chew coca leaves to achieve increased bodily and mental power as well as a sense of calmness and happiness; fatigue is abolished, so long and exhausting feats can be carried out. A larger dose causes mental excitement, delirium, ataxy (inability to coordinate voluntary bodily movements) with headache, and depression later.
    Not water soluble but crystallizes from alcohol in colorless prisms that melt at 98oC.
    Kits are available for home use with saliva or urine to detect cocaine usage. If you know the user well enough before he samples cocaine, you may be able to observe changes (in behanior, habits or friends) that arouse suspicion. Know your loved ones well!
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    Crack (Cocaine)
    Quickly and extremely addictive. Crack cocaine delivers an intensity of pleasure completely outside the normal range of human experience; it offers the most wonderful state of consciousness and the most intense sense of well-being the user will ever enjoy. Users sometimes speak of the rush in terms of whole body orgasms. A drug that induces a secular parody of Heaven commonly leads into a biological counterpart of Hell.
    A short-lived euphoria is followed by a crash that involves anxiety, depression, irritability, extreme fatigue, paranoia and an intense craving for more.
    Its use cannot be rationally justified.
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    Alternately called 'love drug' because it engenders feelings of warmth and heightened sexuality. Makes user feel elated and packed with pep; user may dance so hard as to need extra water to avoid dehydration. Increases heart rate, blood pressure, and sense of alertness; body temperature can rise to 107 (leading to convulsions); stimulates production of serotonin by the brain. Some users put pacifier in mouth to prevent the typical grinding of teeth (which may leave gums sore); glow sticks may increase stimulation. Typical side effects include depression, memory loss and insomnia for days after a party. Eating oranges may help next day comedown and depression. Heavy use may cause memory problems. Long term medical effects unknown (some evidence of liver damage) altho emergency room admissions have skyrocketed. (Jan '04: Evidence of memory impairment has been noted.)
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    A club drug, illegal in the US but used in Europe as a general anesthetic, a treatment for insomnia, for narcolepsy, increasing the strength of child-bearing contractions, and a treatment for alcoholism. In the last few years it has gained popularity as a recreational drug offering a pleasant alcohol-like hangover-free high. Most users find HGB induces a pleasant state of relaxation and tranquility. Frequent effects are placidity, sensuality, mild euphoria and tendency to verbalize. Anxiety and inhibitions tend to dissolve into a feeling of emotional warmth, well-being and pleasant drowsiness.
    GHB can no longer be detected in urine 4-5 hours after taking.
    Aphrodisiac or prosexual properties: reduces inhibitions, heightens the sense of touch, enhances male erective capacity and increases the intensity of orgasm; in women it may make orgasm more difficult or time-consuming to achieve.
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    Burning marijuana has a characteristic sweetish, tangy smell similar to burning the spice sage; it leaves little or no odor on breath or clothing. "If you are a parent and wonder what that funny smell is, it's probably pot." Usage is usually detected by urine tests.
    A single use is detectable in urine up to 48-72 hours (habitual use up to 12 weeks); detectable in hair some 90 days; detectable in blood 2-3 days (habitual use about 2 weeks); detection period in saliva uncertain.
    The active ingredient, THC, acts on specific sites in the brain called cannabinoid receptors; some brains have many but some have few or none. It increases both heart rate and blood pressure and contains 50-70% more carcinogenic hydrocarbons than tobacco smoke.
    Marijuana intoxication can cause distorted perceptions, impaired coordination, difficulty in thinking and problem solving, and problems with learning and memory. The adverse impact on learning and memory can last for days or weeks after the acute effects wear off. The younger the user, the more severe the long-term effects. Large doses cause loss of libido; extended use said to cause loss of ambition
    Ancient cultures used marijuana to heal wounds, relax muscles, reduce fever, aid child birth, and hundreds of other applications. In many medicinal applications there are today drugs superior to marijuana.
    There are scores of varieties of hemp, many with little or no THC; in modern agriculture varieties with enhanced THC have been cultivated. Legal prohibitions of cultivating hemp are due to difficulty by drug field personnel to distinguish between varieties--shameful lack of training!!
    Further information may be found at www.nida.gov/infofacts/marijuana.html.
    In my view marijuana should be regulated, sold and taxed as a recreational drug.

    The manner in which marijuana became illegal was a shameful display (in the mid-30s) of Congressional sloth, ineptitude and arrogant nonchalance. Reported out of House committee without hearings and voted without discussion with only one question asked from the floor: "Does the American Medical Association approve?": to which Speaker Sam Raburn answered "I think so" when in fact the AMA had a representative in the building who was prepared to testify the AMA saw no reason for concern. I have been told that Hearst newspaper interests cultivated and published horror stories in an effort to induce public interest in marijuana; it made fanciful reading; but their interest was to retard investment in a competing process for cheap paper from hemp because that would render worthless their immense holdings in the forests from which they made newsprint. Prohibition resulted from lobbying in the U.S. Congress. We of today face massive and pointless outlays of public funds as a consequence of such scurrilous and blindly political activity.

    The fact that Congress prohibits funding of research on marijuana is an absurd display of beaucratic meddling. One would think they fear the truth, that marijuana is no more destructive than alcohol, might become known.
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    Quickly and highly addictive; gaining in popularity.
    Description: powder or small 'rocks' or 'crystals;' can range in color from white to brown depending on how it is cooked, tastes bitter; easily dissolved in liquids; odorless to stink (as stale perspiration) depending on method of production.
    Snorted (three minutes to take effect), swallowed (20 min), smoked (8 sec) or injected (8 sec). Effect lasts far longer than an equivalent amount of cocaine, maybe eight or ten hours, compared to 30 minutes.
    Small amount can produce euphoria, wakefulness, increased physical activity, decreased appetite, increased respiration.
    Excessive doses produce mental confusion, severe anxiety, paranoia, hyperthermia and convulsions.
    Makes you feel smarter, faster, stronger, sexier, happier; actually makes you dumber, slower, weaker and unable to have an orgasm.
    Side effects can include writhing movements, irritability, insomnia, confusion, nausea, sweating, heart palpitations and hypertension.
    Can cause memory loss, psychoses, heart damage, brain damage, high blood pressure, insomnia, tooth loss, intense paranoia, plus possible side effects due to impurities from method of production.
    Long term effects: brain damage similar to Alzheimers or stroke, anorexia, loss of teeth, skin lesions, drastic changes in appearance
    Users become belligerent and aggressive and often complain about itchy skin or scalp.
    Detection in your children: Know their friends, note changes in behavior such as greater alertness or staying up for long periods, moodiness, rapid weight loss, changes in appearance and well-being such as hygiene.
    Variously known as speed, crank, chalk, shabu, shi-shi, spoosh, zip, boo, chicken feed, geep, scootie, crystal, ice, glass, load of laundry.
    Anhydrous ammonia, a fertilizer, is used in meth production, is volatile, and can cause a freezing burn or melt the cornea of the eye; breathing ammonia is hazardous to deadly. Thefts have become so rampant that chemists are seeking an additive to make it useless in meth production.
    Ephedrine is used in local production.

    From the web, I get this: Note copyright: © Ian Richards April 2006
    "These symptoms would be noticeable if there are sudden changes in behaviour which may include the following:
    Stays awake for long periods of time,Sleeps for extended periods,
    Talkative and may be twitchy,Dilated pupils,
    Exaggerated ideas of what he/she can do,Irritability or aggressiveness,
    Grinding his/her teeth,Paranoia or delusions,
    Constant scratching,
    Loss of appetite with resulting reduction in body weight,
    Constant sniffing, even if he/she does not have a cold,
    If the user is injecting, he/she may well keep his/her arms covered, even in summer.

    "How to cure an addict:
    The first step is to get the user to admit they have a problem for without this there can be no cure. It is not helpful to be judgemental or make the user feel guilty. When you commit to help, you have to be prepared to see it through to the end as stopping half way may put the addict back into his addiction. Do some research before talking to the addict, get advice from a local addiction group, that way when the drug user does admit they have a problem, you can get him signed up right away. Also, depending on the amount and length of time of the abuse, you may want to get a doctor to give them a health check in case of any physical damage. Do not attempt to talk to the addict when they are still high as they can be excitable, the best time is probably after they have crashed and slept. Then talk to them before they have had the chance to use the drug again. When the user first gives up there is usually no great physical craving, except they will feel very down and may want to use again or turn to alcohol or other drugs just to get rid of the feeling. They must be discouraged from this as replacing one addiction with another is not helpful. The really strong craving may not surface until 30-60 days or even longer when the addict may become depressed, suicidal or even violent. It means that the care giver must be on their guard for any relapse even though the user has been clean for over a month."

    In the above description, note "sudden changes:" you must know the user well before he commences use. Know your teen-ager's life style, habits and friends and be observant. Also, note "local addiction group;" you may need to exercise initiative to find a group. Considering the difficulty of cure, how much better to avoid addiction in the first place.
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    Anyone with ears half open has heard about the deleterious effects of smoking on health, so I need say little about that. There can be no question that it has a damaging effect. All a smoker has to do is listen to his own cough and note the disagreeable taste and blackened phlegm and mucous.

    I smoked a pipe and then, in the Air Force, found it inconvenient to carry pouch and pipe and so switched to cigarettes. About one carton per week. After some 17 years I quit "cold turkey," but that was after trying for three or four years to reduce smoking to a few -- at one time one -- a day. I have wondered since how my wife endured the stench in my clothing, in the house and on my breath. Little wonder she did not care for love making. But I had damaged my lungs to the extent that an hour in a smoke-filled room sets my lungs to burning, and it takes hours of clean air for that stinging sensation to disappear -- which, luckily, it does. I have no doubt that, had I not quit when I did, within five years I would have been planted -- not from cancer but from inability to breathe. It was already affecting my eye-sight with "floaters" that blocked out parts of my field of view. Quitting was one of the most difficult things I have ever done. No question I was addicted. (The method I used in quitting cigarettes is described at http://www.rationallink.org/pers/mybody.htm in a note added 1-14-08.)
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    LOCATING a SUPPORT GROUP for recovered (or recovering) addicts

    My book, Loving the Live and Living to Love: Making Longevity Worthwhile, will help you remedy the personal problems and attitudes that boosted you toward addiction in the first place. Its thrust is dealing with the stresses of life, so you will not be repeatedly reminded of your former addiction. Chapters deal with personal and intimate relationships and with other elements of a healthy life style. For information, you may e-mail orders@llumina.com or enter the URL www.llumina.com/store/lovetolive.htm. Or visit my web page by clicking here or a less detailed description by clicking here.

    For affirmations of beauty and personal control, which may be framed and mounted on the wall click here. For affirmations to remind you of personal qualities in a loving relationship, which may also be framed, click here. Printed on simulated parchment for permanence, contact me by clicking here.

    A number of organizations offer a variety of support groups. The list below may help; searchng the Web is invaluable for specifics. Search "support groups alcohol" but substitute your personal demon for 'alcohol.'


    'dir.yahoo.com/health/diseases_and_conditions/alcoholism/support_groups' lists a number of assists
    Alcoholics Anonymous is a worldwide fellowship of men and women who help each other stay sober. To locate a meeting, search "Alcoholics Anonymous" and link from there. (www.aa.org)
    Rational Recovery is an abstinence-based approach to recovery that is the proclaimed "antithesis and irreconcilable arch-rival of Alcoholics Anonymous."
    Smart Recovery is an alternate self-help program for recovery from alcohol or drug abuse.
    Moderation Management
    Women for Sobriety: For information, search "Women for Sobriety, Inc." and e-mail from there.
    Al-Anon is a support group for spouses and others concerned for an alcoholic.
    Alateen is a support group for children of alcoholics


    Narcotics Anonymous: Search title, then locate state or local organization in list. (www.na.org)
    Cocaine Anonymous: Search title, then locate local organization in list. 12-step program.
    Crystal meth Anonymous: Search title, then follow your intuition. 12-step program.
    Marijuana: www.marijuana-anonymous.org


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    For help in spotting an addiction, click here.
    For help in working with an addict in your family, click here.
    (Information on support groups for mutual help in remaining clean, and information on reordering the problems and traits that led to addiction, will be found under the heading just above this one.)

    A quotation from Dr. Dean's essay (still available this Oct. 20, 2009 click here): "Few programs help the individual find a better life after cleaning up, and even fewer address the needs that led to the addiction in the first place."

    If you are a user: If you are abusing drugs, even admitting you may have a problem is a huge step. It takes tremendous strength and courage to admit you are having trouble. However much you wish, don't try to quit alone. Recovery is possible with the right medical help and social support. Without the right support, it is very easy to rationalize just one more hit or pill, and withdrawal symptoms can test your resolve. The road to sobriety is rewarding but challenging. If you take the time to build a support network and learn your triggers for use, you will reduce the risk of relapse.

    NIDA (National Institute on Drug Abuse) has information on abuse and treatment; SAMHSA (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration) maintains a comprehensive list of treatment facilities -- overwhelming if you seek therapy. addictionsearch.com and recoveryconnection.org also maintain listings. Listings below are selected for alcohol and drug rehabilitation.

    In most major cities in the U.S.
    you can find a drug addiction treatment center established for substance dependent addicts. Click underscore.

    Arizona: Tucson: Sierra Tucson

    Malibu: Passages Malibu
    Newport Beach: Sober Living by the Sea<-!--2811 Vella Way-->
    Rafael: Bayside Marin
    Riverside: Sunrise Recovery Ranch
    Scotts Valley: Camp Recovery Center, The
    Sebastolpol: Azure Acres Recovery Center

    Boca Raton: Wellness Resources Center
    Navarre: 12 Oaks Alcohol & Drug Treatment Center

    New Mexico: Santa Fe: Life Heating Center of Santa Fe

    North Carolina: Wilmington: Wilmington Treatment Center

    Oregon: Bend: North Star Center

    Allenwood: White Deer Run
    Kennett Sq: Bowling Green Brandywine

    South Dakota: Canton: Keystone Treatment Center

    Tennessee: Burns: New Life Lodge

    Texas: Center Point: Starlite Recovery Center

    Loa: Passages to Recovery
    St. George: Sun Hawk Academy

    Virginia: Galax: Life Center of Galax

    To return to Contents of Ken Wear's Web Site, click here.
    My printer uses 14 pages (7 sheets of paper) to print this document.